last update: 19 August 2020


Zacharias O. (1906) Eine neue Dictyochide aus dem Mittelmeer: Hermesinum adriaticum n. g., n. sp. - Arch. Hydrobiol. Planktonk. 1: 394-398.

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Zardoya R., E. Costas, V. Lopez-Rodas, A. Garrido-Pertierra & J.M. Bautista (1995) Revised dinoflagellate phylogeny inferred from molecualr analysis of large-subunit ribosomal RNA gene sequences. – Journal Mol Evol. 41: 637-645.


Zerdoner Calasan A., J. Kretschmann & M. Gottschling (2018) Absence of co-phylogeny indicates repeated diatom capture in dinophytes hosting a tertiary endosymbiont. - Organisms, Diversity and Evolution 18(1): 29-38.

Zerdoner Calasan A., J. Kretschmann, N.H. Filipowicz, R.-E. Irimia, M. Kirsch & M. Gottschling (2019) Towards global distribution maps of unicellular organisms such as calcareous dinophytes based on DNA sequence information. - Marine Biodiversity 49: 749-758.

Zhang H. & S. Lin (2002) Detection and quantification of Pfiesteria piscicida by using the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. - Applied and Environmental Microbiology 68(2): 989-994.
Zhang H. & S. Lin (2008) mRNA editing and spliced-leader RNA trans-splicing groups Oxyrrhis, Noctiluca, Heterocapsa, and Amphidinium as basal lineages of dinoflagellates. - Journal of Phycology 44(3): 703-711.
Zhang H., W. Litaker, M.W. Vandersea, P. Tester & S. Lin (2008) Geographic distribution of Karlodinium veneficum in the US east coast as detected by ITS-ferredoxin real-time PCR assay. - Journal of Plankton Research 30(8): 905-922.
Zhang H., D. Bhattacharya & S. Lin (2005) Phylogeny of dinoflagellates based on mitochondrial cytochrome b and nuclear small subunit rDNA sequence comparisons. - Journal of Phycolology 41(2): 411-420.
Zhang H., D.A. Campbell, N.R. Sturm & S. Lin (2009) Dinoflagellate spliced leader RNA genes display a variety of sequences and genomic arrangements. - Molecular Biology and Evolution 26(8): 1757-1771.
Zhang H., Y. Zhuang, J. Gill & S. Lin (2013) Proof that dinoflagellate spliced leader (DinoSL) is a useful hook for fishing dinoflagellate transcripts from mixed microbial samples: Symbiodinium kawagutii as a case study. - Protist 164(4): 510-527.
Zhang H., D.A. Campbell, N.R. Sturm, M.A. Rosenblad, C.F. Dungan & S. Lin (2013) Signal recognition particle RNA in dinoflagellates and the perkinsid Perkinsus marinus. - Protist 164(5): 748-761.
Zhang H., Y. Li, J. Cen, H. Wang, L. Cui, Y. Dong & S. Lu (2015) Morphotypes of Prorocentrum lima (Dinophyceae) from Hainan Island, South China Sea: morphological and molecular characterization. - Phycologia 54(5): 503-516.

Zhang H., Z. Wu, J. Cen, Y. Li, H. Wang & S. Lu (2016) First report of three benthic dinoflagellates, Gambierdiscus pacificus, G. australes and G. caribaeus (Dinophyceae), from Hainan Island, South China Sea. - Phycological Research 64: 259-273.

Zhang H., S. Lu, Y. Li, J. Cen, H. Wang, Q. Li & X. Nie (2018) Morphology and molecular phylogeny of Ostreopsis cf. ovata and O. lenticularis (Dinophyceae) from Hainan Island, South China Sea. - Phycological Research 66: 3-14.

Zhang Q., G.X. Liu & Z.Y. Hu (2011) Morphological differences and molecular phylogeny of freshwater blooming species, Peridiniopsis spp. (Dinophyceae) from China. - European Journal of protistology 47(3): 149-160.
Zhang Q., H.Y. Song, Z.Y. Hu & G.X. Liu (2015) Morphological examination and phylogenetic position of the newly recorded heterotrophic brackish dinoflagellate Diplopsalis caspica (Dinophyceae) in freshwater habitat from China. - Journal of Systemtics and Evolution 53: 512-519. 
Zhang S., K.Y.K. Chan, Z. Shen, S. Cheung, M.R. Landry & H. Liu (2017) A cryptic marine ciliate feeds on progametes of Noctiluca scintillans. - Protist 168(1): 1-11.

Zhang W., Z. Li, K.N. Mertens, A. Derrien, V. Pospelova, M.C. Carbonell-Moore, S. Bagheri, K. Matsuoka, H.H. Shin & H. Gu (2020) Reclassification of Gonyaulax verior (Gonyaulacales, Dinophyceae) as Sourniaea diacantha gen. et comb. nov. - Phycologia 59(3): 246-260.

Zhou J. & L. Fritz (1993) Ultrastructure of two toxic marine dinoflagellates, Prorocentrum lima and Prorocentrum maculosum. – Phycologia 32: 444-450.
Zhou J. & L. Fritz (1994) Okadaic acid anitbody localizes to chloroplasts in the DSP-toxin-producing dinoflagellate Prorocentrum lima and Prorocentrum maculosum. – Phycologia 33: 455-461. 


Ziegler M., E. Stone, D. Colman, C. Takacs-Vesbach & U. Shepherd (2018) Patterns of Symbiodinium (Dinophyceae) diversity and assemblages among diverse hosts and the coral reef environment of Lizard Island, Australia. - Journal of Phycology 54(4): 447-460.

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Zingone A. (20??) Harm from the benthos: old and new challenges for the HAB research and management. - Proceedings 15th ICHA. 
Zingone A., E. Garcés, T. Wyatt, B. Silvert & C. Bolch (2002) The importance of life cycles in the ecology of Harmful Algal Blooms. In: Garcés E, Zingone A, Montresor M, Reguera B, Dale B (eds) LIFEHAB: Life histories of microalgal species causing harmful blooms. Luxembourg: Office for the Official Publications of the European Community, pp. 134-137.
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Zinssmeister C., S. Soehner, E. Facher, M. Kirsch, K.J.S. Meier & M. Gottschling (2011) Catch me if you can: the taxonomic identity of Scrippsiella trochoidea (F. Stein) A.R. Loebl. (Thoracosphaeraceae, Dinophyceae). - Systematics and Biodiversity 9(2): 145-157.
Zinssmeister C., S. Soehner, M. Kirsch, E. Facher, K.J.S. Meier, H. Keupp & M. Gottschling (2012) Same but different: two novel bicarinate species of extant calcareous dinophytes (Thoracosphaeraceae, Peridiniales) from the Mediterranean Sea. - Journal of Phycology 48(5): 1107-1118. 

Zinssmeister C.,T. Wilke & M. Hoppenrath (2017) Species diversity of dinophysoid dinoflagellates of the Clarion Clipperton Fracture Zone. - Marine Biodiversity 47(2): 271-287.

Zirbel M.J., F. Vernon & M.I. Latz (2000) The reversible effect of flow on the morphology of Ceratocorys horrida (Dinophyceae). - Journal of Phycology 36: 46-58.

Zmerli Triki H., M. Laabir & O.K. Daly-Yahia (2015) Life history, excystment features, and growth characteristics of the Mediterranean harmful dinoflagellate Alexandrium pseudogonyaulax. - Journal of Phycology 51(5): 980-989.
Zmerli Triki H., O.K. Daly-Yahia, D. Malouche, Y. Komiha, A. Deidun, M. Brahim & M. Laabir (2014) Resting cyst distribution of the potentially toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium pseudogonyaulax in recent sediment of Bizerte Lagoon (Mediterranean coast, Tunisia). - Marine Pollution Bulletin 84: 172-181. 
Zonneveld K. (1997) New species of organic walled dinoflagellate cysts from modern sediments of the Arabian Sea (Indian Ocean). – Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 97: 319-337.
Zonneveld K. (2004) Potential use of stable oxygen isotope composition of Thoracosphaera heimii (Dinophyceae) for upper watercolumn (thermocline) temperature reconstruction. - Marine Micropaleontology 50: 307-317.
Zonneveld K.A.F. & B. Dale (1994) The cyst-motile stage relationships of Protoperidinium monospinum (Paulsen) Zonneveld et Dale comb. nov. and Gonyaulax verior (Dinophyta, Dinophyceae) from the Oslo Fjord (Norway). - Phycologia 33: 359-368.
Zonneveld K.A.F., R.P. Hoek, H. Brinkhuis & H. Willems (2001) Geographical distribution of organic-walled dinoflagellate cysts in surface sediments of the Benguela upwelling region and their relationship to upper ocean conditions. – Progress in Oceanography 48: 25-72.
Zonneveld K.A.F. & T. Jurkschat (1999) Bitectatodinium spongium (Zonneveld, 1997) Zonneveld & Jurkschat, comb. nov. from modern sediments and sediment trap samples of the Arabian Sea (northwestern Indian Ocean): taxonomy and ecological affinity. - Review of Paleaobotany and Palynology 106: 153-169.
Zonneveld K.A.F., E. Susek & G. Fischer (2010) Seasonal variability of the organic-walled dinoflagellate cyst production in the coastal upwelling region off Cape Blanc (Mauretania): a five-year survey. - Journal of Phycology 46(1): 202-215.
Zonneveld K.A.F., G. Versteegh & M. Kodrans-Nsiah (2008) Preservation and organic chemistry of Late Cenozoic organic-walled dinoflagellate cysts: a reviw. - Marine Micropaleontology 68: 179-197.
Zonneveld K.A.F. K.J.S. Meier, O. Esper, D. Siggelkow, I. Wendler & H. Willems (2005) The (paleo-)environmental significance of modern calcareous dinoflagellate cysts: a review. - Paläontologische Zeitschrift 79: 61-77.

Zsizsik B.K. & R. Hardeland (1997) The diurnal time patterns of tryptophan:2-oxo-glutarate aminotransferase and kynurenine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase activities in Gonyaulax polyedra. - In: Biological Rhythms and Antioxidative Protection (R. Hardeland, ed.), Cuvillier, Göttingen, pp. 40-44.
Zsizsik B.K. & R. Hardeland (1999) Melatonin deacetylation in Gonyaulax polyedra: No demonstrable relationship to acetylcholinesterase. - In: Studies on Antioxidants and their Metabolites (R. Hardeland, ed.), Cuvillier, Göttingen, pp. 136-139.
Zsizsik B.K. & R. Hardeland (2001) Formation of kynurenic acid from L-kynurenine in light-exposed homogenates of Lingulodinium polyedrum: Effects of CCCP, paraquat and DCMU.  - In: Actions and Redox Properties of Melatonin and Other Aromatic Amino Acid Metabolites (R. Hardeland, ed.), Cuvillier, Göttingen, pp. 193-196.
Zsizsik B.K. & R. Hardeland (2001) Formation of kynurenic acid from L-kynurenine in Lingulodinium polyedrum and its release to the medium. - In: Actions and Redox Properties of Melatonin and Other Aromatic Amino Acid Metabolites (R. Hardeland, ed.), Cuvillier, Göttingen, pp. 177-186.
Zsizsik B.K. & R. Hardeland (2001) Light-dependent diurnal rhythmicity of kynurenic acid release by Lingulodinium polyedrum supplied with L-kynurenine. - In: Actions and Redox Properties of Melatonin and Other Aromatic Amino Acid Metabolites (R. Hardeland, ed.), Cuvillier, Göttingen, pp. 187-192.
Zsizsik B.K. & R. Hardeland (2001) Metabolism of 3-hydroxykynurenine in Lingulo-dinium polyedrum. Formation of catabolites and release of xanthurenic acid. - In: Actions and Redox Properties of Melatonin and Other Aromatic Amino Acid Metabolites (R. Hardeland, ed.), Cuvillier, Göttingen, pp. 202-209.
Zsizsik B.K. & R. Hardeland (2001) Presence of 3-hydroxykynurenine and xanthurenic acid in Lingulodinium polyedrum. Demonstration by reversed phase HPLC with electro-chemical detection. - In: Actions and Redox Properties of Melatonin and Other Aromatic Amino Acid Metabolites (R. Hardeland, ed.), Cuvillier, Göttingen, pp. 197-201.
Zsizsik B.K. & R. Hardeland (2002) Formation of kynurenic and xanthurenic acids from kynurenine and 3-hydroxykynurenine in the dinoflagellate Lingulodinium polyedrum: Role of a novel, oxidative pathway. - Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 133C: 383-392.