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last update: 16 July 2018

 

Raho N., G. Pizarro, L. Escalera, B. Reguera & I. Marín (2008) Morphology, toxin composition and molecular analysis of Dinophysis ovum Schütt, a dinoflagellate of the "Dinophysis acuminata complex". - Harmful Algae 7(6): 839-848.
Raho N., F. Rodríguez, B. Reguera & I. Marín (2013) Are the mitochondrial cox1 and cob genes suitable markers for species of Dinophysis Ehrenberg? - Harmful Algae 28: 64-70. 

Raho N.,S. Fraga, J.P. Abad & I. Marín (2018) Biecheleria tirezensis sp. nov. (Dinophyceae, Suessiales), a new halotolerant dinoflagellate species isolated from the athalassohaline Tirez natural pond in Spain. - European Journal of Phycology 53(1): 99-113.


Raine R.
, S. O’Boyle, T. O’Higgins, M. White, J. Patching, B. Cahill & T. McMahon (2001) A sattelite and field portrait of a Karenia mikimotoi bloom off the south coast of Ireland, August 1998. – Hydrobiologia 465: 187-193.

Rampi L. (1939) Ricerche sul fitoplancton del mare Ligure. 1. – I Ceratium delle acque di Sanremo. Nuovo Giornale Botanico Italiano, n.s. 46(2): 299-312.
Rampi L. (1940) Ricerche sul fitoplancton del mare Ligure. II. Le Tecatali e le Dinofisiali delle Acque di Sanremo. - Boletino d’Pesca , Piscicultura e Idrobiologia 16(2): 243-274.
Rampi L. (1941a) Richerche sul fitoplancton del Mar Ligure, 3. Le Heterodiniaceae e le Oxytoxaceae delle acque di san Remo. - Annali Mus.civ.Stor.nat.G.Doria, Genova 61: 50-70.
Rampi L. (1941b) I genero Histioneis Stein e Parahistioneis Kof. A. Skogsberg nel Bacino Mediterraneo. – Rivista di Scienza Nat. Natura, Milano 32: 118-122.
Rampi L. (1942) Ricerche sul fitoplancton del mare Ligure. 4. – I Ceratium delle acque di Sanremo. Parte II. Nuovo Giornale Botanico Italiano, n.s., 49(2): 221-236.
Rampi L. (1943) Su qualque altra peridinea nuova o rara delle aque di Sanremo. - Atti Soc. Ital. Sci.Nat. Mus. Civ., Milano 82: 151-157.
Rampi L. (1948) Sur quelques Péridiniens rares ou interessants du Pacifique subtropical (Récorltes Alain Gerbault). – Bulletin de l’Institut Oceanographique 937: 1-7.
Rampi L. (1950) Péridiniens rares ou nouveaux pour le Pacifique Sud-Èquatorial. - Bulletin de l’Institut Oceanographique 974: 1-11.
Rampi L. (1952a) Ricerche sul Microplancton di superficie del Pacifico tropicale. – Bulletin de l’Institut Oceanographique 1014: 1-16.
Rampi L. (1952b) Su alcune Peridinee nuove od interessanti racolte nelle acque di San Remo. -  Atti della Accademia Ligure di Scienze e Lettere, Annata 1951, Genova 8: 104-114, pls. 1-2.
Rampi L. (1952c) Osservazioni su qualche Peridinea del Mare Ligure. - Atti della Academia Ligure di Scienze e lettere, Annata 1951: 115-122.
Rampi L. (1969) Su alcuni elementti fitoplanctonici (Peridiee, Silicococcales,ed Heterococcales) rari o nuovi raccolti nelle acque del Mare Ligure. – Natura- Soc.It.Sc.Nat., Museo Civ.St. Nat. E Aquario Civ., Milano 60(1): 49-56.
Rampi L. & M. Bernhard (1980) Chiave per la determinazione delle peridinee pelagiche mediterranee. - Comitato Nazionale Energia Nucleare RT/BIO (80)8: 1-193.

 

Ramsby B.D., M.S. Hill, D.J. Thornhill, S.F. Steenhuízen, M. Achlatis, A.M. Lewis & T.C. LaJeunesse (2017) Sibling species of mutualistic Symbiodinium clade G from bioeroding sponges in the western Pacific and western Atlantic Oceans. - Journal of Phycology 53(5): 951-960.


Ramsfjell E. (1959) Two new phytoplankton species from the Norwegian Sea, the diatom Coscinosira poroseriata, and the dinoflagellate Goniaulax parva. – Nytt Magasin for Botanikk 7: 175-177.
Ramsfjell E. (1960) Phytoplankton distribution in the Norwegian Sea in June, 1952 and 1953. - Fiskeridirektoratets Skrifter 12(10): 1-112.

Rausch de Traubenberg C., M.-L. Géraud, M.-O. Soyer-Gobillard & D. Emdadi (1995) The toxic dinoflagellate Prorocentrum lima and its associated bacteria I. An ultrastructural study. - European Journal of Protistology 31(3): 318-326.
Rausch de Traubenberg C., M.-O. Soyer-Gobillard, M.-L. Géraud & M. Algbert (1995) The toxic dinoflagellate Prorocentrum lima and its associated bacteria II. Immunolocalization of okadaic acid in axenic and non-axenic cultures. - European Journal of Protistology 31(4): 383-388.

Raven J.A. (1997) Phagotrophy in phototrophs. – Limnology and Oceanography 42: 198-205.

Redeke H.C. (1935) Amphidinium (Rotundinium) pellucidum nov. spec., eine neue Peridiniee des Niederländischen Brackwassers. - Recl. Trav. bot. Néerland. 32: 391-395.

Rees A.J.J. & G.M. Hallegraeff (1991) Ultrastructure of the toxic, chain-forming dinoflagellate Gymnodinium catenatum (Dinophyceae). – Phycologia 30(1): 90-105.

Reguera B., I. Bravo & S. Fraga (1990) Distribution of Dinophysis acuta at the time of a DSP outbreak in the rías of Pontevedra and Vigo (Spain). – International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, C.M. 1990/L: 14, 8 pp.
Reguera B., I. Bravo & S. Fraga (1995) Autecology and some life history stages of Dinophysis acuta Ehrenberg. - Journal of Plankton Research 17: 999-1015.
Reguera B., I. Bravo, H. McCall & I. Reyero (1996) Phased cell division and other biological observations in field populations of Dinophysis ssp. During cell cycle studies. - In: Harmful and Toxic Algal Blooms. (T. Yasumoto, Y. Oshima & Y. Fukuyo Eds) – Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, Paris, pp. 257-260.
Reguera B., E. Garcés, Y. Pazos, I. Bravo, I. Ramilo & S. González-Gil (2003) Cell cycle patterns and estimates of in situ potential division rates of dinoflagellates of the genus Dinophysis by a postmitotic index. - Marine Ecology Progress Series 249: 117-131.
Reguera B. & S. Gonzáles-Gil (2001) Small cell and intermediate cell formation in species of Dinophysis (Dinophyceae, Dinophysiales). - Journal of Phycology 37(2): 318-333.
Reguera B. & Y. Oshima (1990) Response of Gymnodinium catenatum to increasing levels of nitrate: growth pattern and toxicity. - In: Toxic Marine Phytoplankton (E. Granéli, B. Sundström, L. Edler & D.M. Anderson Eds), Elsevier, New York, Amsterdam, London, pp. 316-319.

Reichardt A. (1927) Beiträge zur Cytologie der Protisten. (Gloedinium montanum, Cryptomonas ovata, Eremosphaera viridis und Kentrospaera willei). - Archiv für Protistenkunde 59: 301-338, pls. 3-6.

Reichart G.-J. & H. Brinkhuis (2003) Late quarterary Protoperidinium cysts as indicators of paleoproductivity in the northern Arabian Sea. - Marine Micropaleontology 49: 303-315.

Reichenbach-Klinke H.H. (1970) Vorläufige Mitteilung und Neubeschreibung einer parasitären Blastodinidae (Dinoflagellate) bei Süsswasserfischen. - Z. Fisch., N. F. 18: 289-297.
Reichenbach-Klinke H.H. (1980) Krankheiten und Schädigungen der Fische. Stuttgart & New York, G. Fischer Verlag.

Reid P.C. (1974) Gonyaulacacean dinoflagellate cysts from the British Isles. - Nova Hedwigia 25: 579-637.
Reid P.C. (1977) Peridiniaceaen and glenodiniaceaen dinoflagellate cysts from the British Isles. - Nova Hedwigia 29: 429-463.

Reimchen T.E. & J.A. Buckland-Nicks  (1990) A novel association between an endemic stickleback and a parasitic dinoflagellate: 1. Seasonal cycle and host response. - Canadian Journal of Zoology 68: 667-671.

Reimer J.D., K. Takishita, T. Maruyama & J. Tsukahara (2006) Latitudinal and intraclonal IST-rDNA sequence variation in the symbiotic dinoflagellate genus Symbiodinium (Dinophyceae) in Zoanthus sansibaricus (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia). – Phycological Research 54: 122-132.
Reimer J.D., M.M.R. Shah, F. Sinninger, K. Yanagi & S. Suda (2010) Preliminary analyses of cultured Symbiodinium isolated from sand in the oceanic Ogasawara Islands, Japan. - Marine Biodiversity 40: 237-247.

René A., C.T. Satta, E. Garcés, R. Massana, M. Zapata, S. Anglès & J. Camp (2011) Gymnodinium litoralis sp. nov. (Dinophyceae), a newly identified bloom-forming dinoflagellate from the NW Mediterranean Sea. - Harmful Algae 12: 11-25.
René A., M. de Salas, J. Camp, V. Balagué & E. Garcés (2013) A new clade, based on partial LSU rDNA sequences, of unarmoured dinoflagellates. - Protist 164(5): 673-685.
René A., J. Camp & E. Garcés (2014) Polykrikos tanit sp. nov., a new mixotrophic unarmoured pseudocolonial dinoflagellate from the NW Mediterranean Sea. - Protist 165(1) 81-92.
René A., J. Camp & E. Garcés (2015) Diversity and phylogeny of Gymnodiniales (Dinophyceae) from the NW Mediterranean Sea revealed by a morphological and molecular approach. - Protist 166(2): 234-263. 

René A., E. Alacid, R.I. Figueroa, F. Rodríguez & E. Garcés (2017) Life-cycle, ultrastructure, and phylogeny of Parvilucifera corolla sp. nov. (Alveolata, Perkinsozoa), a parasitoid of dinoflagellates. - European Journal of Protistology 58: 9-25.

René A., E. Alacid, I. Ferrera & E. Garcés (2017) Evolutionary trends of Perkinsozoa (Alveolata) characters based on observations of two new genera of parasitoids of dinoflagellates, Dinovorax gen. nov. and Snorkelia gen. nov. - Frontiers in Microbiology 8: 1594.

Rengefors K. (1998) Seasonal succession of dinoflagellates coupled to the benthic cyst dynamicss in Lake Erken, Sweden. – Arch. Hydrobiol. Spec. Issues Advanc. Limnol. 51: 123-141.
Rengefors K. & C. Legrand (2001) Toxicity in Peridinium aciculiferum - an adaptive strategy to outcompete other winter phytoplankton? - Journal of Phycology 37(3): 42.

Rengefors K., K.C. Ruttenberg, L.C. Haupert, C. Taylor, B.L. Howes & D.M. Anderson (2003) Experimental investigation of taxon-specific response of alkaline phosphatase activity in natural freshwater phytoplankton. – Limnology and Oceanography 48(3): 1167-1175.

Rengefors K. & C. Legrand (2007) Broad allelopathic activity in Peridinium aciculiferum (Dinophyceae). – European Journal of Phycology 42(4): 341-349.

Ressmeyer A.-R., J.C. Mayo, V. Zelosko, R.M. Sáinz, D.-X. Tan, B. Poeggeler, I. Antolín, B.K. Zsizsik, R.J. Reiter & R. Hardeland (2003) Antioxidant properties of the melatonin metabolite N1-acetyl-5-methoxykynuramine (AMK): scavenging of free radicals and prevention of protein destruction. - Redox Rep. 8: 205-213.

Rezvani A.H., P.J. Bushnell, J.M. Burkholder, H.B.Jr. Glasgow & E.D. Levin (2001) Specificity of cognitive impairment from Pfiesteria piscicida exposure in rats: Attention and visual function versus behavioral plasticity. - Neurotoxicology and Teratology 23(6): 609-616.

Rhodes L.L., J.M. Burkholder, H.B.Jr. Glasgow, P.A. Rublee, C. Allen & J.E. Adamson (2002) Pfiesteria shumwayae (Pfiesteriaceae) in New Zealand. - New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 36(3): 621-630.
Rhodes L., K. Smith, A. Selwood, P. McNabb, R. Munday, S. Suda, S. Molenaar & G. Hallegraeff (2011) Dinoflagellate Vulcanodinium rugosum identified as the causative organism of pinnatoxins in Australia, New Zealand and Japan. - Phycologia 50(6): 624-628.
Rhodes L., K. Smith, A. Verma, B.C. Curley, D.T. Harwood, S. Murray, G.S. Kohli, D. Solomona, T. Rongo, R. Munday & S.A. Murray (2017) A new species of Gambierdiscus (Dinophyceae) from the south-west Pacific: Gambierdiscus honu sp. nov. - Harmful Algae 65: 61-70. 


Rhumbler L. (1909) Die Foraminiferen (Thalamophoren) der Plankton-Expedition. - Erg. Plankton  Exped. Humboldt-Stift. 3, L.C: 1-331.

Ribblett S.G., M.A. Palmer & D.W. Coasts (2005) The importance of bactivorous protests in the decomposition of stream litter. – Freshwater Biology 50: 516-526.

Ribeiro S., N. Lundholm, A. Amorim & M. Ellegaard (2010) Protoperidinium minutum (Dinophyceae) from Portugal: cyst-theca relationship and phylogenetic position on the basis of single-cell SSU and LSU rDNA sequencing. - Phycologia 49(1): 48-63.

Ricard M. (1974) Quelques dinoflagellés planctoniques marins de Tahiti étudiés en microscope à balage. - Protistologica 10: 125-135.

Riccardi M., F. Guerrini, F. Roncarati, A. Milandri, M. Cangini, S. Pigozzi, E. Riccardi, A. Ceredi, P. Ciminiello, C. Dell´Aversano, E. Fattorusso, M. Forino, L. Tartaglione & R. Pistocchi (2009) Gonyaulax spinifera from the Adriatic sea: Toxin production and phylogenetic analysis. - Harmful Algae 8(2): 279-290.

Richlen M.L., S.L. Morton, P.H. Barber & P.S. Lobel (2008) Phylogeography, morphological variation and taxonomy of the toxic dinoflagellate Gambierdiscus toxicus (Dinophyceae). - Harmful Algae 7(5): 614-629.

Riediger S., A. Behrends, B. Croll, I. Vega-Naredo, N. Hänig, B. Poeggeler, J. Böker, S. Grube, J. Gipp, A. Coto-Montes, C. Haldar & R. Hardeland (2007) Toxicity of the quinalphos metabolite 2-hydroxyquinoxaline: Growth inhibition, induction of oxidative stress and genotoxicity in test organisms. - Environ. Toxicol. 22: 33-43.

Riegman R., M. de Boer, & L. de Senerpont Domis (1996) Growth of harmful marine algae in multispecies cultures. – Journal of Plankton Research 18: 1851-1866.

Riisgaard K. & P.J. Hansen (2009) Role of food uptake for photosynthesis, growth and survival of the mixotrophic dinoflagellate Dinophysis acuminata. - Marine Ecology Progress Series 381: 51-62.

Rintala J.-M., H. Hällfors, S. Hällfors, G. Hällfors, M. Majaneva & J. Blomster (2010) Heterocapsa arctica subsp. frigida, subsp. nov. (Peridiniales, Dinophyceae) - description of a new dinoflagellate and its occurrence in the Baltic Sea. - Journal of Phycology 46(4): 751-762.

Ris H. & D. Kubai (1974) An unusual mitotic mechanism in the parasitic protozoan Syndinium sp. - J. Cell Biol. 60: 702-720.

Risi M.M. & A.H.H. Macdonald (2016) Molecular examination of rocky shore brachycnemic zoantharians (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia) and their Symbiodinium symbionts (Dinophyceae) in the southwest Indian Ocean. - Marine Biodiversity 46: 113-127.

Roberts K.R. (1985) The flagellar apparatus of Oxyrrhis marina (Pyrrophyta). – Journal of Phycology 21: 641-655.
Roberts K.R. (1986) The flagellar apparatus of Gymnodinium sp. (Dinophyceae). - Journal of Phycology 22: 456-466.
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Rochon A.
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Rodríguez F., P. Riobó, G.D. Cresín, A.H. Daranas, C.R. de Vera, M. Norte, J.J. Fernández & S. Fraga (2018) The toxic benthic dinoflagellate Prorocentrum maculosum Faust is a synonym of Prorocentrum hoffmannianum Faust. - Harmful Algae 78: 1-8.
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Rogers J.E., J.D. Leblond & C.A. Moncreiff (2006) Phylogenetic relationship of Alexandrium monilatum (Dinophyceae) to other Alexandrium species based on 18S ribosomal RNA gene sequences. – Harmful Algae 5(3): 275-280.
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Rubin C., M.A. McGeehin, A.K. Holmes, L. Backer, G. Burreson, M.C. Earley, D. Griffith, R. Levine, W. Litaker, J. Mei, L. Naeher, L. Needham, M. Poli & M. Rogers (2001) Emerging areas of research reported during the CDC National Conference on Pfiesteria: From biology to public health. - Environmental Health Perspectives 109 (Suppl. 5): 633-637.

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Rusterholz P.M., P.J. Hansen & N. Daugbjerg (2017) Evolutionary transition towards permanent chloroplasts? - Division of kleptochloroplasts in starved cells of two species of Dinophysis (Dinophyceae). - PLoS ONE 12(5): e0177512.

Ryan D.E. & L. Campbell (2016) Identification and phylogeny of putative PEPC genes in three toxin-producing Karenia (Dinophyta) species. - Journal of Phycology 52: 618-625.