last update: 23 November 2023


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Nagai S. (2011) Development of a multiplex PCR assay for simultaneous detection of six Alexandrium species (Dinophyceae). - J. Phycol. 47(3): 703-708.
Nagai S., S. Itakura, Y. Matsuyama & Y. Kotani (2003) Encystment under laboratory conditions of the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium tamiyavanichii (Dinophyceae) isolated from the Seto Inland Sea, Japan. – Phycologia 42(6): 646-653.
Nagai S., L.C. Lian, M. Matsuyama, S. Itakura & T. Hogetsu (2004) Developement of microsatellite markers in toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium tamarense (Dinophyceae). – Mol. Ecol. Notes 4: 83-85.
Nagai S., Y. Matsuyama, S.J. Ohet & S. Itakura (2004) Effect of nutrients and temperature on encystment of the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium tamarense (Dinophyceae) isolated from Hiroshima Bay, Japan. – Plankton Biol. Ecol. 51: 103-109.
Nagai S., G. Nishitani, Y. Takano, M. Yoshida & H. Takayama (2009) Encystment and excystment under laboratory conditions of the nontoxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium fraterculus (Dinophyceae) isolated from the Seto Inland Sea, Japan. - Phycologia 48(3): 177-185.
Nagai S., G. Nishitani, Y. Tomaru, S. Sakiyama & T. Kamiyama (2008) Predation by the toxic dinoflagellate Dinophysis fortii on the ciliate Myrionecta rubra and observation of sequestration of ciliate chloroplasts. - Journal of Phycology 44(4): 909-922.
Nagai S., M. Sekino, Y. Matsuyama & S. Itakura (2006) Developement of microsatellite markers in the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella (Dinophyceae). – Mol. Ecol. Notes 6: 120-122.
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Nagasaki K., Y. Tomaru, Y. Shirai, Y. Takao & H. Mizumoto (2006) Dinoflagellate-infecting viruses. - Journal of the Marine Association U.K. 86: 469-474.


Nagasoe S., D-I Kim, Y. Shimansai, Y. Oshima, M. Yamaguchi & T. Honjo (2006) Effects of temperature, salinity and irradiance on the growth of the red tide dinoflagellate Gyrodinium instriatum Freudenthal et Lee. – Harmful Algae 5(1): 20-25.

Nakagawa H., M. Murata, K. Tachibana & T. Shiba (1998) Screening of epiphytic dinoflagellates for radical scavening and cytotoxic activities. - Phycological Research 46(Suppl.): 9-12.

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Nakazima M. (1965) Studies on the source of shellfish poison in lake Hamana, I - Relation of the abundance of a species of Dinoflagellata, Prorocentrum sp. to shellfish toxicity. - Bull. jap. Soc. scient. Fish. 31(3): 198-203 incl. pl. 1.   (fide Sournia 1973)

Nascimento S.M., D.A. Purdie & S. Morris (2005) Morphology, toxin composition and pigment content of Prorocentrum lima strains isolated from a coastal lagoon in southern UK. – Toxicon 45: 633-649.
Nascimento S.M., G. Melo, F. Salgueiro, B. dos Santos Diniz & S. Fraga (2015) Morphology of Gambierdiscus excentricus (Dinophyceae) with emphasis on sulcal plates. - Phycologia 54(6): 628-639.

Nascimento S.M., M.C.Q. Mendes, M. Menezes, F. Rodríguez, C. Alves-de-Souza, S. Branco, P. Riobó, J. Franco, J.M.C. Nunes, M. Huk, S. Morris & S. Fraga (2017) Morphology and phylogeny of Prorocentrum caipirignum sp. nov. (Dinophyceae), a new tropical toxic benthic dinoflagellate. - Harmful Algae 70: 73-89.

Naustvoll L.J. (2000a) Prey size spectra and food preferences in thecate heterotrophic dinoflagellates. – Phycologia 39: 187-198.
Naustvoll L.J. (2000b) Prey size spectra in naked heterotrophic dinoflagellates. – Phycologia 39: 448-455.

Ndhlovu A., N. Dhar, N. Garg, T. Xuma, G.C. Pitcher, S.D. Sym & P.M. Durand (2017) A red tide forming dinoflagellate Prorocentrum triestinum: identification, phylogeny and impacts on St Helena Bay, South Africa. - Phycologia 56(6): 649-665.

Neale P.J., A.T. Banaszak & C.J. Jarriel (1998) Ultraviolet sunscreens in Gymnodinium sanguineum (Dinophyceae): mycosporine-like amino acids protect against inhibition of photosynthesis. - Journal of Phycology 34: 928-938.

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Netzel H. (1982) Cytological and ecological aspects of morphogenesis and structure of recent and fossil protist-skeletons: dinoflagellates. - N. Jahrb. Geologie Paläontologie 164: 64-74.

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Nézan E. & N. Chomérat (2009) Fragilidium duplocampanaeforme sp. nov. (Dinophyceae): a new phagotrophic dinoflagellate from the French Atlantic coast. - European Journal of Protistology 45: 2-12.
Nézan E. & N. Chomérat (2011) Vulcanodinium rugosum gen. et sp. nov. (Dinophyceae), un nouveau dinoflagellé marin de la côte méditerranéenne francaise. - Cryptogamie, Algologie 32(1): 3-18.
Nézan E., U. Tillmann, G. Bilien, S. Boulben, K. Chèze, F. Zentz, R. Salas & N. Chomérat (2012) Taxonomic revision of the dinoflagellate Amphidoma caudata: transfer to the genus Azadinium (Dinophyceae) and proposal of two varieties, based on morphological and molecular phylogenetic analyses. - Journal of Phycology 48(4): 925-939.
Nézan E., R. Siano, S. Boulben, C. Six, G. Bilien, K. Chèze, A. Duval, S. Le Panse, J. Quéré & N. Chomérat (2014) Genetic diversity of the harmful family Kareniaceae (Gymnodiniales, Dinophyceae) in France, with the description of Karlodinium gentienii sp. nov.: a new potentially toxic dinoflagellate. - Harmful Algae 40: 75-91. 

Nicholls K.H. (1998) Amphidiniopsis sibbaldii Nicholls (Dinophyceae). - Phycologia 37(5): 334-339.
Nicholls K.H. (1999) Validation of Amphidiniopsis sibbaldii Nicholls (Dinophyceae). -  Phycologia 38(1): 74.

Nicolas M.-T., G. Nicolas, C.H. Johnson, J.-M. Bassot & J.W. Hastings (1987) Characterization of the bioluminescent organelles in Gonyaulax polyedra (Dinoflagellates) after fast-freeze fixation and antiluciferase immunogold staining. – Journal of Cell Biology 105: 723-735.

Nie D. (1936) Dinoflagellata of the Hainan Region I. Ceratium. - Contributions from the Biological Laboratory of the Science Society of China, Nanking. Zoological Series 12(3): 29-73.
Nie D. (1944) Sinodiniidae, a new family of Peridiniida (Protozoa, Dinoflagellata). - Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 64: 196-202.
Nie D. (1947) Thecal morphology of some dinoflagellates of Woods Hole, with special reference to the „ventral area“. - Biol. Bull. mar. biol. Lab. Woods Hole 93(2): 210-211.
Nie D. & C.-C. Wang (1941) Dinoflagellata of the Hainan Region, III. On Metadinophysis sinensis, a new genus and species of Dinophysidae. - Sinensia 12: 217-226.
Nie D. & C.-C. Wang (1942) Dinoflagellata of the Hainan region. 5. On the thecal morphology of the genus Goniodoma, with description of the species of the region. - Sinensia 13(1-6): 61-68.
Nie D. & C.-C. Wang (1944) Dinoflagellata of the Hainan Region. VIII. On Sinophysis microcephalus, a new genus and species of Dinophysidae. – Sinensia 15: 145-151.

Nikolaidis G., K. Koukaras, K. Aligizaki, A. Heracleous, E. Kalopesa, K. Moschandreou, E. Tsolaki & A. Mantoudis (2005) Harmful microalgal episodes in Greek coastal waters. – Journal of Biological Research 3: 77-85.

Nisbet R.E.R., R.G. Hiller, E.R. Barry, P. Skene, A.C. Barbrook & C.J. Howe (2008) Transcript analysis of dinoflagellate plastid gene minicircles. - Protist 159: 31-39.

Nishimura T., S. Sato, W. Tawong, H. Sakanari, K. Uehara, M.M.R. Shah, S. Suda, T. Yasumoto, Y. Taira, H. Yamaguchi & M. Adachi (2013) Genetic diversity and distribution of the ciguatera-causing dinoflagellate Gambierdiscus spp. (Dinophyceae) in coastal area of Japan. - PLoS ONE 8(4): e60882. 
Nishimura T., S. Sato, W. Tawong, H. Sakanari, H. Yamaguchi & M. Adachi (2014) Morphology of Gambierdiscus scabrosus sp. nov. (Gonyaulacales): a new epiphytic toxic dinoflagellate from coastal areas of Japan. - Journal of Phycology 50(3): 506-514.

Nishitani L. & K.K. Chew (1984) Recent developements in paralytic shellfish poisoning research. - Aquaculture 39: 317-329.
Nishitani L., R. Hood, J. Wakeman & K.K. Chew (1984) Potential importance of an endoparasite of Gonyaulax in paralytic shellfish poisoning outbreaks. - In: E.P. Ragelis (Ed.) Seafood Toxins. ACS Symposium Series 262: 139-149.
Nishitani L., G. Erikson & K.K. Chew (1985) Role of the parasitic dinoflagellate Amoebophrya ceratii in control of Gonyaulax catenella populations. - In: D.M. Anderson, A.W. White & D.G. Baden (Eds) Toxic dinoflagellates. Elsevier Science Publication Co., Inc., New York, pp. 225-230.


Nitschke M.R., S.C. Craveiro, C. Brandao, C. Fidalgo, J. Serôdio, A.J. Calado & J.C. Frommlet (2020) Description of Freudenthalidium gen. nov. and Halluxium gen. nov. to formally recognize clades FR3 and H as genera in the family Symbiodiniaceae (Dinophyceae). - Journal of Phycology 56(4): 923-940.
Nitschke M.R., C. Fidalgo, J. Simoes, C. Brandao, A. Alves, J. Serodio & J.C. Frommlet (2020) Symbiolite formation: a powerful in vitro model to untangle the role of bacterial communities in the photosynthesis-induced formation of microbialites. - The ISME Journal: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41396-020-0629-z

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Noga E.J., L. Khoo, J.B. Stevens, Z.Fan & J.M. Burkholder (1996) Novel toxic dinoflagellate causes epidemic disease in estuarine fish. - Marine Pollution Bulletin 32(2): 219-224.

Norén F., Ø. Moestrup & A.-S. Rehnstam-Holm (1999) Parvilucifera infectans Norén et Moestrup gen. et sp. nov. (Perkinsozoa phylum nov.): a parasitic flagellate capable of killing toxic microalgae. - European Journal of Protistology 35: 233-254.

Norris D.R. (1969) Thecal morphology of Ornithocercus magnificus (Dinoflagellata) with notes on related species. - Bull. mar. Sci. 19(1): 25-36.
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Novotná J., L. Nedbalová, J. Kopácek & J. Vrba (2010) Cell-specific extracellular phosphatase activity of dinoflagellate populations in acidified mountain lakes. - Journal of Phycology 46(4): 635-644.

Nuzzo L. & M. Montresor (1999) Different excystment patterns in two calcareous cyst-producing species of the dinoflagellate genus Scrippsiella. – Journal of Plankton Research 21(10) : 2009-2018.

Nwankwo D.I. (1996) Phytoplankton diversity and succession in Lagos Lagoon, Nigeria. -  Arch. Hydrobiol. 135(4): 529-542.

Nygaard G. (1926) Plankton from two lakes of the Malayan region. – Videnskabelige Meddeler fra Dansk naturh. Foren i København 82: 197-240.
Nygaard G. ( 1949) Hydrobiological studies on some Danish ponds and lakes. Part II: The quotient hypothesis and some new or little known phytoplankton organisms. - Det Kongelige Danske Vedenskabernes Selskab, Biologiske Skrifter 7(1): 1-239.
Nygaard G. (1977) New or interesting plankton algae with a contribution on their ecology. - Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, Biologiske Skrifter 21(1): 1-107.
Nygaard G. (1977) Vertical and seasonal distribution of some motile freshwater plankton algae in relatio to some environmental factors. - Arch Hydrobiol. Suppl. 51: 67-76. 
Nygaard G. (1996) Temporal and spatial developement of individual species of phytoplankton algae from European lakes. - Hydrobiologia 332: 71-91.
Nygaard K. & A. Tobiesen (1993) Bacterivory in algae: a survival strategy during nutrient limitation. – Limnology and Oceanography 38: 273-279.