last update: 19 August 2020


Baba T., Y. Uchida & Y. Shigenaga (2006) Occurrence of the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella and PSDP accumulation in short-necked clam in Tokuyama Bay: environmental features during the bloom and prediction of PSP accumulation by means of naturally-occurung cell density. – Bulletin of Yamaguchi Prefectural Fisheries Research Center 4: 171-176.

Bachvaroff T.R.
, J.E. Adolf & A.R. Place (2009) Strain variation in Karlodinium veneficum (Dinophyceae): toxin profiles, pigments, and growth characteristics. - Journal of Phycology 45(1): 137-153.
Bachvaroff T.R.
, J.E. Adolf, A.H. Squier, H.R. Harvey and A.R. Place (2008) Characterization and quantification of karlotoxins by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. - Harmful Algae 7(4): 473-48.
Bachvaroff T.R., A.R. Place & D.W. Coats (2009) Expressed sequence tags from Amoebophrya sp. infecting Karlodinium veneficum: comparing host and parasite sequences. - Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 56(6): 531-541.
Bachvaroff T.R., S.M. Handy, A.R. Place & C.F. Delwiche (2011) Alveolate phylogeny inferred using concatenated ribosomal proteins. - J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. 58(3): 223-233.
Bachvaroff T.R., S.G. Gornik, G.T. Concepcion, R.F. Waller, G.S. Mendez, J.C. Lippmeier & C.F. Delwiche (2014) Dinoflagellate phylogeny revisited: using ribosomal proteins to resolve deep branching dinoflagellate clades. - Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 70: 314-322.

Badylak S., K. Kelley & E.J. Phlips (2004) A description of Pyrodinium bahamnese (Dinophyceae) from the Indian River Lagoon, Florida, USA. – Phycologia 43(6): 653-657.
Badylak S., E.J. Phlips, A.L. Mathews & K. Kelley (2014) Akashiwo sanguinea (Dinophyceae) extruding mucous from pores on the cell surface. - Algae 29(3): 197-201.

Badylak S., E.J. Phlips, A.L. Mathews & K. Kelley (2017) In situ observations of Akashiwo sanguinea (Dinophyceae) displaying life cycle stages during blooms in a subtropical estuary. - Botanica Marina 60(6): 653-664.

Baek S.H., S. Shimode, M.-S. Han & T. Kikuchi (2008) Growth of dinoflagellates, Ceratium furca and Ceratium fusus in Sagami Bay, Japan: The role of nutrients. - Harmful Algae 7(6): 729-739.
Baek S.H., J.S. Ki, T. Katano, K. You, B.S. Park, H.H. Shin, K. Shin, Y.O. Kim & M.-S. Han (2011) Dense winter bloom of the dinoflagellate Heterocapsa triquetra below the thick surface ice of brackish Lake Shihwa, Korea. - Phycol. Res. 59(4): 273-285.

Baillie B.K., C.A. Belda-Baillie & T. Maruyama (2000) Conspecificity and Indo-Pacific distribution of Symbiodinium genotypes (Dinophyceae) from giant clams. - Journal of Phycology 36: 1153-1161.
Baillie K.D. (1971) A taxonomic and ecological study of the intertidal, sand-dwelling dinoflagellates of the North Eastern Pacific Ocean. - Msc Thesis, University of British Columbia, 110 pp + 8Pl.

Baker A., I. Robbins, M.A. Moline & M.D. Iglesias-Rodríguez (2008) Oligonucleotide primers for the detection of bioluminescent dinoflagellates reveal novel luciferase sequences and information on the molecular evolution of this gene. - Journal of Phycology 44: 419-428.

Balch W.W.
& F.T. Haxo (1984) Spectral properties of Noctiluca miliaris Suriray, a heterotrophic dinoflagellate. Journal of Plankton Research 6: 515-525.

Balech E. (1944) Contribución al conocimiento del plancton de Lennox y Cabo de Hornos. - Physis 19(54): 423-446.
Balech E. (1949) Estudio de „Ceratocorys horrida“ Stein var. „extensa“ Pavillard. Physis B. Aires 20(57): 165-173.
Balech E. (1956) Étude des dinoflagellés du sable de Roscoff. - Revue Algologique, Nouvelle Série 2(1-2): 29-52.
Balech E. (1959) Two new genera of dinoflagellates from California. - The Biological Bulletin 116(2): 195-203.
Balech E. (1959) Operacion Ocenaografica Merluza. V. Cruzero. Plancton. – Republica Argentina, Secretaria de Marina, Servico de Hidrografia Naval 618: 1-43. 
Balech E. (1961) Notula sobre Peridinium (Dinoflagellatae). – Neotropica 7(22): 29-32.
Balech E. (1962) Tintinnoinea y dinoflagellata del Pacifico según material de las expediciones Norpac y Downwind del Instituto Scripps de Oceanografía. -  Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales <<Bernardino Rivadavia>>, Ciencias Zoológicas 7(1): 1-253. 
Balech E. (1963) La familia Podolampacea (Dinoflagellata). - Boletimo del Instituto Marina Mar del Plata 2: 3-27, Pl. 1-26.
Balech E. (1963) Dos dinoflagellados de una laguna salobre de la Argentina. - Notas del Museo, Universidad Nacional de la Plata 20(199): 111-123.
Balech E. (1964a) El genero Cladopyxis (Dinoflagellata). - Comun. Mus. Argent. Ci. Nat.  Bernardino Rivadavia, Hidrobiol. 1(4): 27-39.
Balech E. (1964b) El plancton de Mar del Plata durante el periodo 1961-1962 (Buenos Aires, Argentina). Bol. Inst. Biol. Mar. 4: 1-49.
Balech E. (1967a) <<PALAEOPHALACROMA<< Schiller otro membro de la familia Cladopyxidae. - Neotropica 13(42): 105-112.
Balech E. (1967b) Dinoflagelados nuevos o interesantes del Golfo de Mexico y Caribe. - Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias naturales <<Bernardino Rivadavia>>, Hidrobiologia 2(3): 77-126 + Pl. 1-9.
Balech E. (1967c) Dinoflagellates and Tintinnids in the Northeastern Gulf of Mexico. - Bulletin of Marine Science 17(2): 280-298.
Balech E. (1971a) Microplancton de la campana oceanografica Productividad III. - Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias naturales <<Bernardino Rivadavia>>, Hidrobiologia 3(1): 1-202, Pl. 1-39.
Balech E. (1971b) Microplancton del Atlantico ecuatorial oeste (Equalant I). – Repubica Argentina, Armada Argentina Servico de Hidrografia Naval, Buenos Aires 654: 1-103, Pl. 1-12.
Balech E. (1973a) Segunda contribución al conocimiento del microplancton del microplancton del mar de Bellinghausen. - Contribucion del Instituto Antartico Argentino 107: 1-63, incl. Pl. 1-10.
Balech E. (1973b) Cuarta contribucion al conocimiento del genero Protoperidinium. Revista Mus. Argent. Ci. Nat., Beradino Rivadavia Inst. Nac. Invest. Ci. Nat., Hidrobiol. 3(5): 347-68.
Balech E. (1974) El genero Protoperidinium Bergh, 1881 (Peridinium Ehrenberg 1831, partim). - Revta Arg. Cienc. Nat. <<B. Rivadavia>> Hidrobiol. 4(1): 1-79.
Balech E. (1976a) Clave Ilustrda de Dinoflagelados antárticos. - Publ. Instituto Antárctico Argentino, Buenas Aires 11: 1-99.
Balech E. (1976b) Some Norwegian Dinophysis species. - Sarsia 61: 75-94.
Balech E. (1976c) Notas sobre el genero Dinophysis (Dinflagellata). - Physis Sección A 35(91): 183-193.
Balech E. (1977a) Cachonina niei Loeblich (Dinoflagellata) y sus variaciones. - Physis (Buenos Aires) Sec. A 36(92): 59-64.
Balech E. (1977b) Estructura de Amphisolenia bidentata Schröder (Dinoflagellata) - Physis (Buenos Aires) Sec. A 37(93): 25-32.
Balech E. (1977c) Cuatro especies de Gonyaulax sensu lato, y consideraciones sobre el genero (Dinoflagellata). - Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias naturales <<Bernardino Rivadavia>>, Hidrobiologia 5(6): 115-136 + Pl. 1-3.
Balech E. (1979a) Tres dinoflagelados nuevos o interesantes de Aguas Brasieñas. - Bolm Inst. Oceanogr., S. Paulo 28(2): 55-64.
Balech E. (1979b) El genero Goniodoma Stein (Dinoflagellata) - Lilloa 35(2): 97-109.
Balech E. (1979c) Dinoflagellados. Campana Oceanografica Argentina <<Islas Orcadas>> 06/75. - Repubica Argentina, Armada Argentina Servico de Hidrografia Naval, Buenos Aires 655: 1-76, Pl. 1-10.
Balech E. (1979d) El genero Pyrophacus Stein (Dinoflagellata). - Physis Sec. A 38(94): 27-38.
Balech E. (1980a) On thecal morphology of the dinoflagellates with special emphasis on cingular and sulcal plates. - An.Centro Cienc. del Mar y Limnol. Univ. Nac. Autón. México 7(1): 57-68.
Balech E. (1980b) El género Goniodoma Stein (Dinoflagellata). Lilloa 35: 97-109.
Balech E. (1985a) A revision of Pyrodinium bahamense Plate (Dinoflagellata). Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 45: 17-34.
Balech E. (1985b) The genus Alexandrium or Gonyaulax of the tamarense group. - In: Toxic Dinoflagellates - D.M. Anderson, A.W. White & D.G. Baden (Eds). Elsevier, North Holland, pp. 33-38.
Balech E. (1988a) Los dinoflagellados del Atlantico sudoccidental. - Publicaciones Especiales Instituto Español de Oceanografia 1: 1-310.
Balech E. (1988b) Una especia nueva del genero Fragilidium (Dinoflagellata) de la Bahia de Chamela, Jalisco, Mexico. Anales Inst. Biol. UNAM, 58 (1987) Ser. Zool. (2): 479-485.  
Balech E. (1989) Redescription of Alexandrium minutum Halim (Dinophyceae) type species of the genus Alexandrium. - Phycologia 28(2): 206-211.
Balech E. (1990a) A short diagnostic description of Alexandrium. - In: Granéli, Sundstöm, Edler & Anderson (Eds): Toxic marine Phytoplankton, Elsevier, p. 77.
Balech E. (1990b) Four new dinoflagellates. -  Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 44: 387-396.
Balech E. (1994a) Three new species of the genus Alexandrium (Dinoflagellata). - Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 113(2): 216-220.
Balech E. (1994b) Contribucion a la taxonomia y nomenclatura del genero Protoperidinium (Dinoflagellata), - Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias naturales <<Bernardino Rivadavia>>, Hidrobiologia 7(4): 61-80.
Balech E. (1995) The Genus Alexandrium Halim (Dinoflagellata). – Sherkin Marine Station, Sherkin Island, Co. Cork, Ireland. 151 pp.
Balech E. (1999) Protoperidinium (Dinoflagellata) nuevos o interessantes de la Bahia de Manila. - Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias naturales, n.s. 1(2): 165-171.
Balech E. & R. Akselman (1988) Un nuevo Diplopsaliinae (Dinoflagellatae) de Patagonia, Argentina. – Physis(Buenos Aires) Sec. A : 46(110): 27-30.
Balech E., R. Akselman, H.R. Benavides & R.M. Negri (1984) Suplemento a <<Los dinoflagelados del Atlántico Sudoccidental>>. – Rev. Invest. Des.Pesq., INIDEP, Mar del Plata 4: 5-20.
Balech E. & B. Borgese (1990 [1992]) Diplopsalopsis latipeltata, una nueva especie de Dinoflagellata. – Anal. Acad. Nac. Cs. Ex. Fis. Nat., Buenos Aires 42: 251-255.   
Balech E. & S.Z. El-Sayed (1965) Microplankton of the Weddell Sea. - The Biology of Antaerctic Seas II. Antarctic Research, Series 5: 107-124, Pl. 1-4.
Balech E. & Soares L. de O. (1966) Dos dinoflagellados de la Bahia de Guanabara y proximadas (Brasil). - Neotropica 12(39): 103-109. 
Balech E. & K. Tangen (1985) Morphology and taxonomy of toxic species in the tamarensis group (Dinophyceae): Alexandrium excavatum (Braarud) comb. nov. and Alexandrium ostenfeldii (Paulsen) comb. nov.. Sarsia 70: 333-343.

Balkis N.
(2000) Five dinoflagellate species new to Turkish seas. - Oebalia 26: 97-108.
Balkis N. (2003) Seasonal variations in the phytoplankton and nutrient dynamics in the neritic water of Büyükçekmece Bay, Sea of Marmara. – Journal of Plankton Research 25(7): 703-717.
Balkis N. (2004a) Summer phytoplankton composition in the neritic waters of the Sea of Marmara. – Pak. J. Bot. 36(1): 115-126.
Balkis N. (2004b) List of phytoplankton of the Sea of Marmara. Marmara denizi fitoplankton tür listei. – J. Black Sea/ Mediterranean Environment 10: 123-141.
Balkis N. & Y. Aktan (2004c) Toxic phytoplankton species in the Sea of Marmara. – Commission Internationale pour l’Exploration Scientifique de la Mer Méditerranée, Rapport du 37e Congrès de la CIESM 37: 486.
Balkis N. & T. Koray (2001) About presence of genus Pyrophacus Stein, 1883 with special emphasis on Pyrophacus vancampoae (Rossignol) Wall and Dale (Dinophyceae) in Eastern Mediterramean. – Ege University Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences 18(3-4): 541-545.
Balkis N., M. Balci, A. Giannakourou, A. Venetsanopoulou & P. Mudie (2016) Dinoflagellate resting cysts in recent marine sediments from the Gulf of Gemlik (Marmara Sea, Turkey) and seasonal harmful algal blooms. - Phycologia 55(2): 187-209. 

Ballantine D.
(1956) Two marine species of Gymnodinium isolated from the Plymouth area. - Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 35: 467-474.
Ballantine D. & F.M. Smith (1973) Observations on blooms of the dinoflagellate Gyrodinium aureolum Hulburt in the River Conwy and its occurrencwe along the NorthWales coast. – British phycological Journal 8: 233-238.

Balzano S., P. Gourvil, R. Siano, M. Chanoine, D. Marie, S. Lessard, D. Siano & D. Vaulot (2012) Diversity of cultured photosynthetic flagellates in the northeast Pacific and Arctic Oceans in summer. - Biogeosciences 9: 4553-4571.

Balzer I. & R. Hardeland (1981) Advance shifts of the bioluminescence rhythm in Gonyaulax polyedra by pharmaca potentially acting on membranes. - J. Interdiscipl. Cycle Res. 12: 29-34.
Balzer I. & R. Hardeland (1989a) Action of kynuramine in a dinoflagellate: stimulation of bioluminescence in Gonyaulax polyedra. - Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 94C: 129-132.
Balzer I. & R. Hardeland (1989b) Structural specificity of catecholamine action in the dinoflagellate, Gonyaulax polyedra. - Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 92C: 297-300.
Balzer I. & R. Hardeland (1991a) Circadian rhythmicity in the stimulation of bioluminescence by biogenic amines and MAO inhibitors in Gonyaulax polyedra. - Int. J. Biometeorol. 34: 231-234.
Balzer I. & R. Hardeland (1991b) Circadian variations in the effects of epinephrine, kynuramine and potential MAO inhibitors on bioluminescence of Gonyaulax. - In: Chronobiology & Chronomedicine (J. Surowiak & M.H. Lewandowski, eds.), Lang, Frankf./M. - Bern - N.Y. – Paris pp. 16-22.
Balzer I. & R. Hardeland (1991c) Induction of cyst formation by short photoperiods and 5-methoxylated indoleamines in a dinoflagellate, Gonyaulax polyedra. - Eur. J. Cell Biol. 54, Suppl. 32: 57.
Balzer I. & R. Hardeland (1991d) Mechanism of cyst formation in Gonyaulax polyedra: involvement of photoperiodism, low temperature, indoleamines and proton release. - J. Interdiscipl. Cycle Res. 22: 87-88.
Balzer I. & R. Hardeland (1991e) Photoperiodism and effects of indoleamines in a unicellular alga, Gonyaulax polyedra. - Science 253: 795-797.
Balzer I. & R. Hardeland (1991f) Photopériodisme chez un organisme unicellulaire, Gonyaulax polyedra. - Bull. Gr. Et. Rythmes Biol. 23, no. 4, 53 (No. 148, 1991, reprinted).
Balzer I. & R. Hardeland (1991g) Stimulation of bioluminescence by 5-methoxylated indoleamines in the dinoflagellate, Gonyaulax polyedra. - Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 98C: 395-397.
Balzer I. & R. Hardeland (1992) Effects of indoleamines and short photoperiods on the encystment of Gonyaulax polyedra. - Chronobiol. Int. 9: 260-265.
Balzer I. & R. Hardeland (1993a) Effects of short-days, melatonin and 5-methoxytryptamine in the marine alga Gonyaulax polyedra (Gonyaulacaceae). - In: Quantified Phenotypic Responses in Morphology and Physiology (J.C. Aldrich, ed.), JAPAGA, Ashford pp. 109-113.
Balzer I. & R. Hardeland (1993b) On the mechanism of cyst induction in Gonyaulax polyedra: roles of photoperiodism, low temperature, 5-methoxylated indoleamines, and proton release. - In: Chronobiology & Chronomedicine (C. Gutenbrunner, G. Hildebrandt & R. Moog, eds.), Lang, Frankf./M. - Berl. - Bern - N.Y. - Paris – Wien pp. 127-133.
Balzer I. & R. Hardeland (1993c) Une réponse photopériodique chez le dinoflagellé Gonyaulax polyedra: le rôle possible des indoleamines. - Bull. Gr. Et. Rythmes Biol. 25, no. 4: 23-27.
Balzer I. & R. Hardeland (1996a) Thermophotoperiodism. - In: Vistas on Biorhythmicity (H. Greppin, R. Degli Agosti & M. Bonzon, eds.), Univ. of Geneva, Geneva, pp. 37-50.
Balzer I. & R. Hardeland (1996b) Melatonin in algae and higher plants - Possible new roles as a phytohormone and antioxidant. - Bot. Acta 109: 180-183.
Balzer I., G. Behrmann & R. Hardeland (1995) Evolutionary significance of the presence of melatonin in unicells and plants. - CAPS News Commun. 14, Suppl. 2: 1-2.
Balzer I., B. Pöggeler & R. Hardeland (1989) Indoleamines in the circadian organization of Gonyaulax: evidence for presence and effects on bioluminescence. - J. Interdiscipl. Cycle Res. 20: 169.
Balzer I., B. Pöggeler & R. Hardeland (1990) 5-Methoxylated indoleamines in the dinoflagellate Gonyaulax polyedra: presence, stimulation of bioluminescence, and circadian variations in responsiveness. - Eur. J. Cell Biol. 51: Suppl. 30: 52.
Balzer I., B. Pöggeler & R. Hardeland (1991) Effects of indoleamines in the circadian organization of Gonyaulax. - In: Chronobiology & Chronomedicine (J. Surowiak & M.H. Lewandowski, eds.), Lang, Frankf./M. - Bern - N.Y. - Paris, pp. 9-15.
Balzer I., B. Pöggeler & R. Hardeland (1993) Circadian rhythms of indoleamines in a dinoflagellate, Gonyaulax polyedra: Persistence of melatonin rhythm in constant darkness and relationship to 5-methoxytryptamine. - In: Melatonin and the Pineal Gland - From  Basic Science to Clinical Application (Y.  Touitou, J. Arendt & P. Pévet, eds.), Excerpta Medica, Amsterdam - Lond. - N.Y. – Tokyo pp. 183-186.
Balzer I., C. Possehl & R. Hardeland (1988) Effects of low temperature on sensitivity of circadian bioluminescence rhythm towards pharmaca in Gonyaulax polyedra: comparison of arrhythmicity-inducing and permissive temperatures. - J. Interdiscipl. Cycle Res. 19: 157.
Balzer I., R. Wolf & R. Hardeland (1994) Induction mécanique de cystes chez Gonyaulax polyedra: Rythmes circadiens d'encystement et d'excystement. - Bull. Gr. Et. Rythmes Biol. 26, 82 (No. 229, 1994, reprinted).
Balzer I., R. Wolf & R. Hardeland (1995) Circadian rhythm of excystment in Gonyaulax polyedra. - In: Cellular Rhythms and Indoleamines (R. Hardeland, ed.), Univ. of Göttingen, Göttingen, pp. 88-91.
Balzer I., C. Possehl, I. Rode & R. Hardeland (1989) Novel temperature effects on circadian rhythmicity of Gonyaulax. - Proc. 11th Int. Soc. Biometeorol. Congr., West Lafayette 1987 (D. Driscoll & E.O. Box, eds.), SPB Acad. Publ. bv, Den Haag pp. 273-279.

Banaszak A.T., Iglesias-Prieto R. & Trench R.K. (1993) Scrippsiella velellae sp. nov. (Peridiniales) and Gloeodinium viscum sp. nov. (Phytodiniales), dinoflagellate symbionts of two hydrozoans (Cnidaria). - Journal of Phycology 29(4): 517-528.   

Band-Schmidt C., E.L. Lilly & D.M. Anderson (2003) Identification of Alexandrium affine and A. margalefii (Dinophyceae) using DNA sequencing and LSU rDNA-based RFLP-PCR assays. - Phycologia 42(3): 261-268.
Band-Schmidt C.J., D.I. Rojas-Posadas, L. Morquecho & N.Y. Hernandez-Saavedra (2008) Heterogeneity of LSU rDNA sequences and morphology of Gymnodinium catenatum dinoflagellate strains in Bahia Concepcion, Gulf of California, Mexico. - Journal of Plankton Research 30(7): 755-763.

Barbiero R.P., B.J. Speziale &S.L. Ashby (1996) Phytoplankton community succession in a lake subjected to artificial circulation. - Hydrobiologia 331: 109-120.

Barbrook A.C., C.R. Voolstra & C.J. Howe (2014) The chloroplast genome of a Symbiodinium sp. clade C3 isolate. - Protist 165(1): 1-13.

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Barlow S.B.
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Barón-Campis S., D.U. Hernández-Becerril, N.O. Juárez-Ruíz & C. Ramírez-Camarena (2005) Red tide produced by the dinoflagellate Peridinium quinquecorne in Veracruz, México (oct-nov, 2002): morphology of the causative agent. - Hidrobiológica 15(1): 73-78.

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Barua A., P.A. Ajani, R. Ruvindy, H. Farrell, A. Zammit, S. Brett, D. Hill, C. Sarowar, M. Hoppenrath & S.A. Murray (2020) First detection of paralytic shellfish toxins from Alexandrium pacificum above the regulatory limit in blue mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) in New South Wales, Australia. - Microorganisms 8: 905.

Bessudova A.Y., L.M. Sorokovikova, A.D. Firsova, A.Y. Kuz'mina, I.V. Tomberg & Y.V. Likhoshway (2014) Canges in phytoplankton community composition along a salinity gradient from the lower Yenisei River to the Kara Sea, Russia. - Botanica Marina 57(3): 225-239.

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Baumeister W. (1938a) Winterliche Protozoenwelt in Hochmoor-Kleingewässern. - Mikrokosmos 31(7): 11-14.
Baumeister W. (1938b) Überwinterung und Hüllenstruktur bei Hemidinium nasutum Stein. – Archiv für Protistenkunde 91: 456-461.
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Baumeister W. (1942) Zur Kenntnis der Besiedlung flacher Wiesenmulden. - Mikrokosmos 35: 169-171.  
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